Barmer was founded around the 12th century. It forms the border area of India-Pakistan. Barmer is situated at a distance of 224km from Jodhpur on the Luni-Munabao section of the Northern Railways. Located atop a hill as so many of the cities of western Rajasthan are, it houses the remains of an old fort called Garh right on its peak. The name Barmer is derived from the ruler Bahada Rao or Bar Rao who is said to have founded the town in the 13th century. Initially called 'Bahada-mer' it was later shortened to Barmer.
A major attraction for the tourists, it is the centre for wood carving, carpets, embroidery, block printing and other handicrafts. The products made here are popular throughout India. Two annual fairs are celebrated in Barmer; the Barmer Thar festival in early March and the Barmer cattle fair in March/April. The tourist attractions in the tiny town of Barmer range from the historical forts to colorful festivals adding color and warmth to the otherwise dry landscape.
Places to Visit in Barmer
Famous Fort Siwana is situated on a hilltop. The fort was built by a famous Rajput ruler Raja Bhoj's son Veernarayan, who at one stage controlled much of Barmer and had close ties with the Solanki dynasty of Gujarat. The fort is not in the best of condition now however it still houses a beautiful pond. The fort fell to forces of Alauddin Khilji in 1308. When Alauddin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, besieged the fort the people led by Sutal Deo mounted a heroic defence.
The Kiradu temples are located at about 35 km from Barmer. There are five temples in all and most remarkable of them is Someshvara Temple. These temples feature impressive sculpture and a Solanki style of architecture.